To the full dignity of man

480x229-images-nuestra-historia-titulo.png On October 29, 1897 the fourth Mambisa Constitution was approved, ''Constitution of La Yaya''; preceded by the Constitution of Guáimaro (1869), Baraguá (1878), Jimaguayú (1895).

The assembly members, gathered in La Yaya, Camagüey, structured the constitutional pragmatics in a Preamble with 48 sections and 5 titles that contain provisions on the Territory and Citizenship, Individual and Political Rights, the Government of the Republic, the Assembly of Representatives and the 5th with the General Provisions.

In Title 1 a regulation is pending, subsequent to the division of the territory. The requirements to be considered a Cuban citizen are also established, and the civic duty to serve the country is recognized. For the first time, the Military Service is established as a mandatory and irredeemable duty of citizens. The defense of the socialist homeland is the greatest honor and supreme duty of every Cuban. ”

In Title III, the provisions were ordered in five sections: Public Powers; From the Governing Council; Of the President and Vice President of the Republic; Of the Secretaries of State and of the Secretary of the Governing Council.

In these prescriptions the form of government of the Constitution of Jimaguayú is ratified, and in the same way the structure, functions and attributions of the Government Council as executive power of the Republic are established.

122 years ago, the Constitution of La Yaya ratified the will of the Cubans to provide the country with its Law of Laws even in full insurrection, and the citizen's aspiration to establish the future Republic as democratically as possible after defeating the Spanish colony in the Island.

Like the previous constitution, it refers to the conditions and procedures to be followed in case of agreeing to peace with Spain, always based on the total and absolute independence of the island of Cuba.

Unfortunately, just a few months after the La Yaya Constitution was approved, the situation would change radically with the Yankee interference in the Cuban conflict, and the republican ideals embodied in this last Mambisa Constitution would be converted into a dead letter.

Those ideals were reborn after the revolutionary triumph on January 1, 1959, and today flourish in the popular debate of the current Constitution in order to proclaim the cult of the Cubans to the full dignity of man.


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